If the world of DTC marketing were a party, the media would bring different personalities to the affair. Television brings a certain sex appeal to the marketing soiree, while print is the steady, dependable partner. And the internet arrived as the new—accessible—kid on the block. Radio, meanwhile, has been "all dressed up with no place to go," since it became available to DTC marketers in1997, but that is changing.
In the last few years, DTC marketers have spent more money than ever on radio advertising. Healthcare companies spent 58 percent more on the medium in 2003 than in 2002, according to Competitive Media Reporting/LNA. And the data for the first five months of 2004 show that trend continuing, with radio expenditures up 54 percent over the same period last year.
Why are pharma marketers suddenly interested in radio? The traditional ways marketers reach consumers with healthcare messages are becoming less effective and more expensive. Network viewing has declined precipitously over the past decade thanks to the rapid growth of cable, satellite TV, and digital video recorder technology such as TiVo, which gives viewers the ability to easily skip commercials. Newspaper and magazine readership are down as well, a natural by-product of increased competition for consumers' time.
Some observers have called radio the "forgotten stepchild" because it is an underused medium in the healthcare marketing mix. Most marketers attribute that to the difficulty they have in developing radio copy that does not overemphasize a product's risks. TV commercials can show a smiling patient walking or biking through a field of flowers while the announcer is reading the fair-balance statement. But pharma marketers have overcome that obstacle by using radio as an outlet to run unbranded campaigns, reminder ads, and compliance messaging.
What Radio Has to Offer
Recently, pharma marketers have moved into radio because it offers some attributes that make it a good fit for their messages.
Share of voice. Some companies that have run radio campaigns recently have found that the lack of competition allows them to garner a larger share of voice with consumers. Of course, this advantage will diminish if DTC radio spending trends continue to increase, but it remains a viable competitive edge for marketers whose competitors are not yet exploiting the tactic.
More time. A standard length radio spot provides advertisers twice as much time—60 seconds compared with TV's 30-second commercials—to make their pitch. That gives companies more time to tell their story and list resources, such as a a toll-free number or website where listeners can find more information.
Targeted. Radio allows pharma companies to reach specific demographic targets. For example, in an effort to reach African-American consumers, GlaxoSmithKline advertised its HIV therapy Combivir (lamivudine/zidovudine) in urban markets.
Low cost. Producing a radio ad and buying the media time costs a fraction of doing the same with television and other national media.Companies can also save money by running campaigns that capitalize on the popularity and credibility on-air "talent" has with their listeners. Those radio personalities can prerecord or read live commercials at a much lower premium than screen star spokespersons demand.