On February 22, FDA approved Genentech/Roche's TDM-1, a drug that combines the active ingredient of the company's blockbuster breast cancer drug Herceptin (trastuzumab) with ImmunoGen's DM1, a chemotherapy.
In 2001, Frank Burroughs founded the Abigail Alliance to "help create wider access to developmental cancer drugs and other drugs for serious life-threatening illnesses." His daughter, Abigail, died of cancer at age 21 after unsuccessfully seeking access to then unapproved therapies Erbitux and Iressa. Burroughs sued the FDA, and the Washington Legal Foundation joined him, arguing that restricting drug access to terminally ill patients constituted a violation of the Fifth Amendment clause stating that individuals cannot be "deprived of life...without due process of the law."
In late February, the Abigail Alliance met with Janet Woodcock, director of the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, to discuss new ways in which the agency can expedite life-saving drugs to patients. The Alliance is scheduled to meet with Margaret Hamburg, FDA's current commissioner, in March. Steve Walker, co-founder of Abigail Alliance, said FDA's approval of Kadcyla came "two-plus years later than it should have." Walker raised the issue with Woodcock, and criticized FDA for "having absolutely no sense of urgency." Woodcock responded, per Walker, that the agency "had taken some steps to address the reasons" for TDM-1's delay, "but provided no additional information, as usual."
Burroughs says the Abigail Alliance, since its inception in 2001, has advocated for early access to a total of 21 drugs, all of which were eventually successful in clinical trials. Asked how the Abigail Alliance assesses whether an investigational drug is worth the inherent risk to patients, Burroughs says, "We just look at the available data." Good science can't be rushed, but the Internet has facilitated access to unprecedented amounts of information on new drug candidates, causing patients to question the sometimes sluggish nature of regulatory science. Despite new legislation and new mechanisms like the breakthrough therapies provision, FDA is likely to face an increasing amount of scrutiny on approval timelines for new drugs, particularly drugs with the potential to save lives. Nothing is more urgent than the disease progression of a loved one.
Ben Comer is Pharm Exec's Senior Editor. He can be reached at [email protected]