Part D Phase 2 - Pharmaceutical Executive

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Part D Phase 2
Companies have been scrambling to get their Medicare contracting in order. Now it's time to figure out part D marketing and sales. Here's a checklist for the months ahead.


Pharmaceutical Executive



CMS Deadlines
For many pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies, 2005 has been a hectic year as they work to understand the potential implications of and prepare for the new Medicare Part D prescription drug benefit. Earlier in the year, manufacturers were scrambling to make Part D-related contracting decisions. These decisions had to be made quickly, with limited information—a requirement that will continue for pharma and biotech for the rest of 2005 as they prepare for Part D.

While the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industry might like to take a moment to catch its breath following the contracting crunch, there is still a daunting amount of work to be done before the new benefit goes into effect on January 1, 2006. Companies still need to assess their own levels of "Part D readiness" and define and implement required changes to their structures, processes, strategies, and tactics.

In September, CMS will award bids to MCOs and PBMs, and we will learn which plans will administer the benefit in 2006. But many key variables will remain unknown for quite some time after January 1, and manufacturers will not have the luxury of waiting for complete or perfect information before making Part D-related decisions. With more than 40 million Medicare beneficiaries in the US, the stakes are high for manufacturers, and the window for making strategic decisions is closing. Companies need to move forward with their Part D readiness planning now, develop hypotheses, and make informed projections on how the Medicare market will play out in 2006 and beyond.

Part D will shift the market dynamics and revenue potential of many products at the national, regional, district, and physician levels. The variables that will determine the magnitude and impact of these shifts include:
  • Portion of total prescriptions represented in the Medicare population
  • Part D sponsors' approach to managing a given pharmacologic class
  • Positioning on Part D formularies
  • Number of beneficiaries and total prescriptions at stake in the Medicare population in a given geographic area.

There are a myriad of marketing- and selling-related items that manufacturers need to address over the next few months to ensure they are prepared for Part D—planning points that can be segmented into four primary areas: brand management, managed-markets marketing, managed-markets sales, and field sales. The following section introduces some of the specific items that manufacturers need to consider in each area.

Brand Management

Brand marketers must develop a detailed understanding of how Part D will affect their products, and coordinate their efforts closely with their colleagues in managed-markets and field sales. This will be especially critical for brands that are heavily used by seniors or dual-eligibles—Medicare beneficiaries who also qualify for Medicaid. Roughly one-third of dual-eligibles are under the age of 65. Therefore, Part D will affect a number of products (such as HIV medications and antipsychotics) not typically associated with the elderly. There are four important areas for brand marketers to address:

PLANNING AND FORECASTING Historically, most brand teams haven't placed much emphasis on Medicare beneficiaries. Now they need to ask some basic questions, including:

  • How can we effectively segment the Medicare population?
  • What criteria (such as health status, geography, dual-eligible status, income, current source of prescription coverage) should be used in segmenting the Medicare population?
  • How do the various segments behave differently?
  • Who are the most important influencers of healthcare decisions for the different segments?
  • Which segments are most attractive to our brand?


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