So how should pharma create social media marketing programs? The following five-phased approach begins with simpler efforts
requiring less regulatory review, and progresses to branded efforts that require an increased, but still manageable, level
of regulatory review.
Phase 1: Monitor and learn
Before identifying social media tactics, monitor the landscape to understand what the target audience says about your product(s).
Review discussion boards, Wikipedia, search engines, and videos posted online for product experiences, questions, and concerns.
Few posts will meet event-reporting requirements because posters' identities aren't verifiable.
One site worth monitoring is CafePharma (
http://cafepharma.com/), which features pharma sales reps' open, often harsh, commentary about their companies' products and initiatives, including
expansion plans and new drugs.
Phase 2: Set objectives and prioritize your strategy
Use what you learn to establish your social media objectives. If your company wants experience interacting with consumers,
prioritize a Twitter or blog dialogue. If patients don't realize how long to use your product before seeing results, focus
Boehringer Ingelheim's Twitter strategy (http://twitter.com/Boehringer) is to regularly engage with key stakeholders, including patients and physicians, in two-part discussions about non-promotional
topics. The company recommends other Web-based disease information and articles, monitors online conversations, and responds
quickly by joining or starting Twitter conversations.
Phase 3: Join existing third party community dialogues
Designate a company representative to participate. Provide medically accurate information currently missing from discussions,
correct erroneous postings, or partner with the site to sponsor a subforum and provide content updates.
J&J purchased Children With Diabetes to connect with consumers by providing a community where members feel comfortable sharing
information and delivering valuable, up-to-date content.
Phase 4: Create unbranded corporate or disease state sites
Initial social media activities should be unbranded, focusing on a disease state or corporate initiative. Possibilities include
a disease awareness site, YouTube channel (leveraging the existing large audience) to share condition information and how-to
treatment videos, or helping patients better understand their condition and improve doctor interaction. If possible, allow
Sanofi-Aventis launched its unbranded GoInsulin YouTube channel (
http://www.youtube.com/user/goinsulin) to reach the diabetes audience where they seek health information, featuring video of real people with type 2-diabetes using
insulin treatment. Consumers can't comment on the videos, but they can share their experiences by volunteering to be interviewed
on a companion
http://GoInsulin.com/ Web site. Lantus, Sanofi's insulin therapy, is never mentioned.
Phase 5: Create branded content
When launching branded social media, minimize problem comments by not allowing open-ended postings. Instead, request feedback
on specific topics or questions. After gaining experience, loosen feedback restrictions. Invite patients to provide testimonials
on the brand site.
AstraZeneca's Symbicort-branded YouTube channel (
http://www.youtube.com/myasthmastory) features patients describing their asthma control experiences with Symbicort in testimonial videos, while risk and fair
balance information is displayed on the screen. A companion Web site,
http://myasthmastory.com/, solicits the patient videos, which are reviewed by regulatory, and selections are posted on the Symbicort YouTube channel.
Most marketers are still learning how to harness social media's power, and testing which marketing approaches work best. The
best pharma strategy in social environments is a "marketing as service" approach that provides richer patient education and
support in a way that adds value to patients' lives.
Acuminder's Facebook and Yahoo's Widget help improve eye health by reminding contact lens wearers to change lenses, purchase
new lenses, and schedule eye care appointments. The tool worked so well that bi-weekly contact lens wearers using Acuminder
decreased the average number of days between lens changes from 19 days to a near-perfect compliance of 15 days.
Like the 1-9-90 Rule, emerging social media research provides insight to better inform and guide social marketing strategies.
Such data help set realistic expectations about the potential depth of social media interactions and word-of-mouth activity.
Facebook recently quantified the number of members' friends and the number with whom they maintain a relationship dialogue—regardless
of the number of friends, members have very few "relationships." (See chart.)
FACEBOOK FRIENDS VS. FACEBOOK "RELATIONSHIPS"
As more pharma marketers plan and implement social media programs, the debate about whether the industry can do this should
come to a halt. There are, in fact, numerous opportunities to engage in productive conversations with patients and physicians,
who use social channels pervasively, while complying with all regulatory requirements.
Michael Maher is senior partner, director of client services at Greater Than One, a full-service digital agency specializing in pharma
and healthcare. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org