The Top 10 Year In Review
1. Pfizer faced a brutal year of patent expirations in 2011, including not just US exclusivity loss for its leading product, Lipitor,
but Aromasin, Xalatan, Vfend, and Protonix as well. Still, the industry giant had five products that sold $2 billion or more,
and revenues that topped $500 million in 18 countries outside the US. It also acquired King for $3.6 billion, providing a
broader profile in pain, and sold formulation specialist Capsugel. Approvals included Xalkori (crizotinib) for some lung cancers
with the ALK gene.
2. Novartis won 15 approvals in the United States, the EU, and Japan. Among them was US approval for Arcapta Inhalr for COPD. It also
launched the oral MS drug Gilenya. While still integrating Alcon, the world's largest eyecare company, acquired last year,
Novartis bought Genoptix, a diagnostics company, for $458 million, and hit a key landmark as Sandoz's generic version of the
anticoagulant enoxaparin became the company's first "generic blockbuster," with sales of more than $1 billion.
3. Merck gained FDA and EU approval for Victrelis, the first new medicine for chronic hepatitis C in almost a decade. Other approvals
included Juvisync, a combination of the diabetes drug Januvia with the statin Zocor. Merck also bought Inspire, an ophthalmic
specialty firm, for $430 million and formed alliances with India's Sun Pharma (to promote branded generics in emerging markets)
and Parexel (to pursue biosimilars). As the year ended, CEO Kenneth Frazier was appointed chairman, replacing Richard Clark.
4. Sanofi acquired Genzyme for $20 billion in April, the largest of 30 new transactions in 2011. Others included the acquisition of
pediatric specialist Topaz Pharmaceuticals and Universal Medicare, a consumer health company in India. Jevtana, for advanced
prostate cancer, launched in Europe, and the Allegra family of allergy products launched in the US on an over-the-counter
basis. Lost market exclusivity included Taxotere, Xatral, and Nasacort in the US and Aprovel in Western Europe.
5. Roche gained simultaneous FDA approval for Zelboraf, a targeted therapy for metastatic melanoma, and its companion diagnostic test—a
first. It also acquired Anadys, a hepatitis C specialist, for $230 million, and announced a partnership with Evotec to develop
oncology biomarkers. In a controversial decision, FDA withdrew approval of Roche's Avastin for breast cancer—though CMS announced
it would continue to reimburse for it. For the first time, the family-owned bloc of Roche shares dipped below 50 percent when
Maia Oeri dropped out of the group.
6. GlaxoSmithKline announced the $660 million sale of 17 noncore OTC brands, including Beano, Goody's, Ecotrin, Fiber Choice, Sominex, and Tagamet,
to Prestige Brands. US approvals included Benlysta, the first new lupus treatment in more than 50 years (developed with Human
Genome Sciences); the anticonvulsant Potigal (developed with Valeant); and Horizant for restless leg syndrome (developed with
7. AstraZeneca sold its Astra Tech subsidiary, which makes dental implants and medical devices for surgery and urology, to Dentsply for $1.8
billion. FDA approved Brilinta, AZ's new anticoagulant, reversing its 2010 rejection of the drug, as well as giving the nod
to Caprelsa, the first approved therapy for nonoperable advanced medullary thyroid cancer, an orphan condition. Meanwhile,
Japanese regulators approved Nexium—a decade after the drug's US launch.
8. Johnson & Johnson, while struggling to put manufacturing problems behind it, took a commanding position in the orthopedic market with its $21.3
billion acquisition of medical-equipment maker Synthes. It won approval for Zytiga (for late-stage prostate cancer) and the
anticoagulant Xarelto. J&J exited the drug-eluting stent market it helped create. It sold off its Jannsen dermatology business
and the US rights to St. Joseph's aspirin, and bought the over-the-counter brands of India's J.B. Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals.
9. Abbott announced plans to split itself into two companies: a medical products company focused on medical devices, branded generics,
and nutritionals; and a research-based pharmaceutical company. The spinoff is slated to take place late this year. Abbott
also received European approval for a new absorbable heart stent, and filed for multiple new indications for Humira.
10. Eli Lilly successfully fended off a challenge to its Cymbalta patent in federal court, preserving its market exclusivity until at least
June 2013. It won US and EU market approval for Bydureon, the diabetes drug it developed with Amylin, only to have the nine-year-old
partnership break up in November. It announced a strategic alliance with Boehringer Ingelheim focused on diabetes. The partnership
won US and UK approval for Tradjenta/Trajenta. In July, Lilly acquired the animal health business of Janssen, a Johnson &
About the Authors
Jerry Cacciotti is a Partner in Oliver Wyman's Health and Life Sciences Practice. He can be reached at Jerry.Cacciotti@oliverwyman.com
Patrick Clinton is Marketing Director in the Health & Life Sciences practice of Oliver Wyman. He can be reached at Patrick.Clinton@oliverwyman.com