Speaker Training: Online and Honoraria-Free

Mar 01, 2005
By Pharmaceutical Executive Editors

Training healthcare providers to be effective product champions has always been an important part of promotional campaigns. A well-trained physician presenting a slide deck at a dinner program can be an invaluable tool for communicating a product's messages to an audience of other healthcare providers and for solidifying relationships with those key customers.

Increased scrutiny by the Office of the Inspector General (OIG) and FDA's Division of Drug Marketing, Advertising, and Communications (DDMAC) of promotional activities has made training speakers more necessary—and more complicated—than ever. Those changes present an excellent opportunity to redefine speaker training to be better and more cost-effective for all involved. This article will explain how web-based training models may add value and minimize risk.

Kickback Confusion One thing the OIG is concerned about is the potential for physicians to receive kickbacks, money or goods in return for endorsement. If a physician presents strictly on-label information about a product at a dinner meeting in return for an honorarium compensating him for his time, there is no problem.

But consider this common scenario: A physician attends speaker training at an appropriate, PhRMA Code-compliant venue and is paid a reasonable honorarium. Once trained, he is promised speaking engagements, for which he will receive another appropriate honorarium per event. The trainer then presents to him the only slides he is permitted to use, which are promotional, focus only on the brand in question, and use trade names. These slides contain only information found in that product's label, and the program prohibits the presentation of any other data, no matter how relevant.

Because he is not allowed to stray from the pharma company's script, the doctor fears a loss of credibility and suspects that he is functioning as a sales rep. So he decides not to accept any invitations to speak for the brand. Yet, because he already received payment and did not provide any service in return, the original training honorarium could, albeit at a stretch, be considered a kickback.

To avoid this scenario, some companies have begun withholding all or part of speaker training honoraria until a certain number of promotional engagements have been completed. It's a draconian measure, but perhaps the safest option. Unfortunately, it's also unpopular with busy physicians who may have to close their practices for a day or give up part of a weekend to be trained. "Why should I go through the time and expense to attend a meeting," a physician may wonder, "and not even be paid for my time?"

Off-Label Worries What if the speaker agrees to the speaking engagement but not to the materials provided? He takes away the slides, modifies them, picks and chooses which ones to use, adds a few, and ends up breaching promotional guidelines because he has presented information that is not part of the product's label. Both the company and the speaker—if he convinces another doctor to prescribe the product for a Medicare-reimbursable, off-label indication—risk severe government sanctions.

The FDA and the OIG take an especially hard line against off-label promotion. Effective speaker training goes straight to the heart of this issue. A promotional slide kit must be entirely consistent with the labeling for that product. Claims of efficacy can be made only when supported by two FDA-approved, adequately powered, randomized, controlled clinical trials. Fair balance must be added with an appropriate discussion of side effects, particularly when described in a black-box warning.

Yet many physicians don't realize that when a pharma company pays them to speak, the presentation has to be medically accurate, legally appropriate, and compliant with regulations. No one will ask them to present an opinion they do not hold, and there is nothing to stop them from answering unsolicited questions as they see fit, as long as they fulfill their contractual obligations to the company to only discuss claims consistent with product labeling and to emphasize important safety information.

A Better Way Clearly, a change is needed. While live meetings will always have a critical role to play in the development of a pool of trained speakers, online solutions may offer the best option for a new paradigm of speaker training. These solutions can help with reaching hard-to-reach preferred speakers, for both initial training and refresher courses.

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