As a result, pharmaceutical professionals must learn to win beyond the molecule. Their new challenge is to find new competitive approaches beyond the clinical attributes of their products. Some companies have already gained a competitive advantage by applying these new tools of differentiation. The following are five examples:
1) Clinic NetworksWhen launching its rheumatoid arthritis drug Remicade in Canada, Schering-Plough (now Merck) found that when delivered via infusion as opposed to injection (as is its competitors), the drug would not readily receive reimbursement in a hospital setting. To address this, Schering formed the "Remicade Infusion Network," a country-wide network of outpatient clinics, often conveniently located in or near physician offices. This approach enhanced patient reimbursement, compliance, and outcomes; financially incentivized specialty pharmacists; and excluded future infusion-administered biologic competitors. Remicade became the preferred biologic in Canada. Schering subsequently launched these clinics in several other countries.
2) Combination Products
In 2004, Gilead Sciences combined two of its HIV drugs, Viread and Emtriva, to form the best-selling drug Truvada. In 2006, the company added a third component, Sustiva, from Bristol-Myers Squibb, to create the first, once-daily, triple-therapy Atripla, which became the world's best-selling HIV compound in 2008. Gilead is collaborating with Johnson & Johnson to develop a single pill nicknamed "Btripla," combining Truvada with TMC-278 (rilpivirine hydrochloride) to improve patient tolerability and adherence. To further extend Gilead's AIDS cocktail franchise, Gilead is also developing a once-daily "Quad" pill containing four different Gilead-owned HIV agents. Analysts project Quad sales to exceed $1.5 billion by 2015; Gilead's HIV franchise is expected to earn over $5 billion per year during the next decade.
In 2010, Jeff Taylor of the AIDS Treatment Activist Coalition (ATAC) declared that, "Gilead revolutionized HIV care with its fixed-dose combinations." Once-daily combination products have enabled Gilead to become so dominant in the HIV category that it compelled Pfizer and GSK to form a joint HIV venture ViiV Healthcare to try to compete with them.
3) Novel Delivery Device
GlaxoSmithKline markets Advair (also known as Seretide), the world's third-best-selling prescription with over $8 billion in annual sales. One reason for Advair's success is its unique inhalation device, the "Diskus." The Advair Diskus is favored by physicians and patients for its convenience and ease of use. A Decision Resources survey revealed that, despite increased competition from several emerging agents, the Advair Diskus will remain pulmonologists' and primary care physicians' favored fixed-dose long-acting beta2 agonist/inhaled corticosteroid combination inhaler through 2013 for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
The Diskus confers competitive advantages against both branded and generic competitors. Recognizing the significant influence of regulators on generic entries, GSK's Regulatory Affairs group worked closely with the FDA to ensure the agency understood the various complexities associated with the development and manufacture of the Advair Diskus. As a result, the FDA raised the standards for generic entry so high that companies wishing to launch a generic version of Advair have to complete full clinical programs—including long-term safety studies—to gain access to the US market. Consequently, Novartis/Sandoz backed out of its deal with Vectura for a generic version of Advair in the US. Teva, the world's largest generic manufacturer, will now be required to conduct a full clinical program for its "branded generic" before it can enter the US market in approximately 2016. As a result, GSK will gain at least six more years of exclusivity for its blockbuster Advair in the world's largest pharmaceutical market.