Access Headwinds Reach IDN Specialty Pharmacy Programs

April 27, 2018
Marc O'Connor
Pharmaceutical Executive

Insights from Partnering with IDNs: Biopharma Strategy Summit.

This year’s IDN Biopharma Strategy Summit from CBI was a useful, intimate gathering of roughly 100 industry leaders, approximately 25% of which represented IDNs, 70% pharmaceutical manufacturers, and 5% various service providers.

The majority of what we heard and learned was confirmation of the difficulties IDNs face as their own specialty pharmacy programs grow large enough to run up against manufacturers’ existing limited distribution networks. Even among elegant IDN SP programs from Vanderbilt, UPMC, and Johns Hopkins, the percentage of specialty drugs the in-house pharmacy dispenses is starting to shrink. University of Utah Health stated that its in-house pharmacy filled approximately 50% of prescriptions one year ago (irrespective of drugs on limited distribution). Currently that number is 38%.

This is the result of the PBM/Payer network access issues and a limited distribution network system that pharmaceutical manufacturers implement to ensure appropriate balance between access and safety; at least on the surface. In many respects, it is understandable that IDNs with in-house specialty pharmacies feel hard done by. After all, the clinical team has done the hard work in patient support including medication therapy management, only to have that go uncompensated as prescriptions are redirected to an ‘in network’ pharmacy by the PBM.

Understandably, pharmaceutical manufacturers entering into access agreements with more than 100 specialty pharmacies inside of U.S. IDNs-all with varying competencies-is not a viable proposition in a network currently existing of just six pharmacies, for example.

 

Takeaway for IDNs?

Specialty pharmacies inside of IDNs can only grow to a certain size before access to specialty medications begins to shrink. We have known for 20 years that margins on specialty medications are thin for pharmacies. Entering the SP space is not the endless revenue generator some IDNs believed it would be. This is unlikely to change in the foreseeable future.

 

What else?

In the seemingly endless race for provision of service in as many patient touch points as possible, IDNs launching their own benefit plans are beginning to look more like HMOs while PBMs are attempting to align more closely with managed care organizations. And what of outcomes-based contracts? IDNs with a payer component are well-armed to derive value from outcomes-based contracts with pharmaceutical manufacturers. With direct access to patient outcomes data critical to adjudication of those contracts, IDNs well-educated on outcomes-based contracts may well be able to use those to enhance or save their overall specialty pharmacy investment. This discussion is getting much louder and consulting services to support the design of these contracts are becoming more sophisticated. And valuable.

 

You can purchase the conference compendia from CBI here https://www.cbinet.com//compendia-order-form?q=compendia-order-form&conference=pc18400

 

Marc O’Connor is chief operating officer for Curant Health.