In adjusting to the long-term aftershocks from the coronavirus pandemic, pharma companies will need to focus on change in three core areas.
Amid the search for effective COVID-19 treatments and vaccines, the pandemic will have long-term side effects for the global pharmaceutical industry. Drug manufacturers will need to focus on change in three areas—portfolio reprioritization, accelerated R&D, and technology transformation—if they are to position their businesses successfully for the future.
To that end, organizations should address major strategic questions now. In this article, we look at the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on the life sciences and the long-term prognosis, and suggest some priorities for executives to consider in order to position their companies best.
Our assessment is that the life sciences industry will see significant change in at least those three key areas mentioned.
Refocusing significant efforts on COVID-19 will not be without consequences. A dollar can be spent only once, and even though people and systems can be more productive, this will inevitably lead to deprioritization of R&D activity in other areas.
A significant number of companies are allocating substantial resources to either developing or identifying treatments or developing vaccines for COVID-19. This will require reallocating resources (people, facilities, budgets), which will lead to other programs being delayed or cancelled. As it is difficult to cancel an ongoing clinical trial, this will mostly impact programs that have not yet started. This means, for some patients, it will take longer for treatments to become available, or it may never happen. Clinical programs have expiration dates linked to patents, and must be executed by certain times to be attractive commercially.
Although the industry is generally cash rich, there are plenty of early stage companies that will find it hard to survive this crisis, and others that are currently vulnerable due to other factors. This may mean good M&A opportunities for private equity, venture capital, and larger pharma companies.
The pandemic is forcing companies, regulators, and governments to enhance collaboration and speed up R&D activity in multiple ways. Regulators have demonstrated that they can act fast if they need to, and this potentially sets new standards for the future.
The urgent drive for treatments and vaccines is forcing companies to do things in ways they haven’t done before at this scale—although the Ebola and H1N1 scenarios hold learnings that are being leveraged. Organizations are also compelling regulators to (re)act much faster than they are used to. Clearly these are extraordinary circumstances, and some of this progress will fall away when the situation normalizes. However, some of the lessons that companies and regulators are learning should stick, which will result in a smoother and faster process. Certain caveats remain—a clinical trial that takes two years to perform cannot feasibly be delivered in less time. The randomized clinical trial will remain preeminent.
The pharmaceutical industry is home to an interesting paradox. It has a well-deserved reputation for innovation, based on its R&D output and scientific prowess. However, when you shift from science to operations, there is generally resistance to innovation and doing things differently. This means that while organizations have been looking at options for telehealth, virtual trials, wearables, etc., progress has been cautious and slow.
From an operational perspective, most of the pharma industry has rapidly adopted working from home, opening quite a few eyes along the way. Remotely selling medicines or conducting clinical trials is a lot harder, but significant efforts are being made to adapt operations. Research labs and manufacturing facilities need to maintain core operations on-site, but the overall impact has been enough for pharma executives to start making plans for inventive new ways of working.
Pharma has been reluctant to adopt digital beyond iPads for sales reps and other logical applications. COVID-19 has dramatically changed this attitude, with future concepts now up and running. With pharma company associates not allowed into hospitals to monitor clinical trials, sales reps not welcome at doctors’ offices, and patients unwilling or unable to go to trial sites to get their medications or undergo their assessments, companies have had to be agile to maintain the integrity of trials and protect their major investments. This has opened the door to home visits (a key component of virtual trials) and implementation of telemedicine, which are expected to continue.
The same applies to working arrangements, with companies concluding that they can safely rethink these quite radically.
Beyond innovation and operations, these changes may have a dramatic impact on culture. Taking risks in operations, rather than just in major development programs, will become acceptable. Companies will, therefore, need to develop new capabilities to manage these.
Many, when discussing the pandemic, now use the already cliché phrase “the new normal.” Pharma executives, who are used to thinking long term while, at the same time, providing shorter-term updates to Wall Street analysts, are looking well beyond the crisis and planning how to best position their companies to take advantage of the changed world.
Currently, it appears the life sciences sector is not going to be hit very hard financially. Although there is significant longer-term uncertainty, compared to other sectors, pharma is positioned to come out well. There will be strategic opportunities for new operating models, increased productivity from new and accelerated technology, and potentially more efficient ways to market as regulators change how they operate.
However, the overall economic environment will change significantly and impact how well pharma companies can recover and grow. Healthcare costs are an obvious target, which means drug prices will be under close scrutiny. This will impact the top line, and executives have to look at how to maintain margins, including new opportunities uncovered during the crisis. Hospitals have been hard hit financially, which will impact their spending and ability to support clinical trials going forward.
Who “wins” could impact the whole industry—as shown by the share price of Moderna Therapeutics quadrupling in less than three months on high hopes for its vaccine development.
The crisis is an opportunity for the pharma industry to do what it excels at—developing innovative therapies and vaccines by using its scientific and operational capabilities. A side benefit would be enabling the sector to reshape its public image into something much more positive. In our view, the life sciences sector will come out of this crisis stronger, but this won’t happen automatically. There are critical takeaways for executives as they position their companies.
Leaders need to consider current strategies relative to the new environment. What is changing in the therapeutic areas in whichtheir company is active, and does it need to adapt? Are there any assets out there that are complementary to internal portfolios and can be acquired for good prices? Is the risk landscape changing?
If the R&D timeline is shortened, what does that mean for a company specifically? Where in the organization do leaders need to change and bolster capabilities so it can take maximum advantage of shifting landscapes and timelines? If companies make those choices now, they will have a head start when the “new normal” becomes actually normal.
Pharma needs to step up the development of data science and digital capabilities. Companies understand this, and although some have made progress, it needs to become ubiquitous. This will push pharma over the hump and turn it into the data industry it really wants to be.
Lastly, if an organization is not in the coronavirus rat race of developing therapeutics or vaccines, it should build an understanding of the areas deprioritized by others, and execute its strategy to take advantage.
Ben van der Schaaf, Partner, Aurelien Guichard, Manager and US Lead for Energy & Utilities, Both with Arthur D. Little